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高考英语完形填空答题技巧_完形填空怎么得高分

2020-4-23 11:45| 发布者: admin| 查看: 281| 评论: 0

完形填空是高中英语较难的一个题目,阅读理解得满分并非很难的事情,但很难见到完形填空有得满分的同学。

究其原因,在于完形填空的上下文连接非常紧密,考查点很细很全,学生不仅要有良好的基础知识,还要善于联系上下文并结合生活常识甚至中西文化差异来解题。

高考英语完形填空答题技巧_完形填空怎么得高分

小简老师今天从完形填空的特点、解题步骤和解题技巧三方面来帮助同学们更完美的解答完形填空题。

但是,光知道方法不代表完事大吉,同学们课余时间一定要多加练习,把方法和实践相结合。

一.完形填空的特点


1.主要考以下四类词——名词、动词(包括短语动词)、形容词和副词。


2.首句不设空,有助于考生了解或推测全文的大意。


3.同一小题的四个选项都是同一词类,且为同一语法形式。




二.完形填空的解题步骤



1.通读全文,理解大意。


重视首句信息,跳过空格,浏览全文,从整体上感知全文,理解文章大意,这是解题的基础。


高考英语完形填空答题技巧_完形填空怎么得高分

2.瞻前顾后,避难就易。


在理解文章大意的情况下,结合各选项的意义和用法,遵循先易后难的原则,先解决那些自己有把握的问题。



对少数难题,暂时跳过,或许在上文中难以判断的题在下文中就有暗示或者明显的提示,或许一个在前面不能解答的题在填出了另一空后会令你豁然开朗。



3.复读全文,解决残敌。


借助已经补全的空格,我们对全文有了更清楚的理解,可以集中解决所遗留的少数疑难问题。



4.再次复读,弥补疏漏。


全部做好后,考生务必要结合自己选择的答案重新阅读短文内容,确保全文文意连贯。




三.完形填空的解题技巧



1.词语之间的习惯搭配,或固定搭配。


【例1】A major French newspaper his brother for him.


A.found

B.misunderstood

C.mistook

D.judged


解析:mistake A for B(意思是:把……错认为)是固定搭配,故答案为C.



【例2】Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to (1 ) the Nobel prizes,which would be awarded to people who made great (2) to the causes of peace,literature,and the sciences.


(1)

A.establish

B.form

C.develop

D.promote

高考英语完形填空答题技巧_完形填空怎么得高分

(2)

A.additions

B.sacrifices

C.changes

D.contributions


解析:根据与名词the Nobel prizes的搭配,又结合常识,应当是(建立;形成)诺贝尔奖金。


make contributions to意思是(对……作出贡献)是固定搭配,故(1)题答案为A,(2)题答案为D.



2.结合背景知识或生活常识。


【例1】“Dr Alfred Nobel,who became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before,died yesterday.”Nobel was to find out not that he had died,but that,when his time was up,…


A.upset

B.anxious

C.excited

D.pleased


解析:根据常识,看到报道自己死这样的消息,特别是说自己通过killmore people faster来发财的评论,应当是(心烦意乱的),不可能是“兴奋的(excited)”、“高兴的(pleased)”、“渴望的(anxious)”。所以答案是:A。



【例2】But we ran so much that,afterwards,we had trouble .


A.speaking

B.moving

C.sleeping

D.breathing


解析:根据常识,跑步太快时,人们会(呼吸很困难),所以答案是D。


3.根据上下文提示,也就是我们所说的上下文语境。


【例1】To make sure that he was with love and respect. Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to establish the Nobel prizes.


A.repaid

B.described

C.supported

D.remembered


解析:由下文中设立诺贝尔奖金可知,他改变自我形象是为了被别人充满爱与尊敬地(记住),故答案为D。



【例2】Every country has its own culture.Even though each country uses doors.Doors many have different functions and purposes which lead to differences.


A.national

B.embarrassing

C.cultural

D.amazing


解析:从开头总括句“Every country has its own culture.”我们可以知道门的使用也有自己的(文化差异),故答案为C.



4.词语或词义复现。


词汇复现往往会使语篇中的句子相互衔接得更紧密。利用词语的复现,对解题很有帮助。


【例1】Al lthe students around looked at me,I was totally ,and my face went red.


A.embarrassed

B.annoyed

C.unsatisfied

D.excited.


解析:由上下文“my face went red.”及“All the students around looked at me.”可知答案应该是A,意思是(尴尬的)。



【例2】Before setting out,I told Barrett this trip would be tiring and rough…Thisachieved all I’d expected.

35.A.interview B.flightC.article D.trip.


解析:短文前面有trip提示,故该空指的是“旅行”,故选D。

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