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新型冠状病毒疫情防控词汇中英对照表

2020-4-8 16:00| 发布者: admin| 查看: 855| 评论: 0

一、政策举措
1.突发公共卫生事件 public health emergency
2.启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应 to activate first-level public health emergency response
3.掌握情况,不漏一人 to have full knowledge of the situation (of the community) and leave no one unchecked
4.遏制疫情蔓延 to contain the outbreak
5.封城 A city is on lockdown./A city goes into lockdown.
6.延迟开学 to postpone the reopening of schools
7.延长春节假期 to extend the Chinese New Year holiday
8.(公共场所)消毒、通风以及体温检测 disinfection, ventilation and body temperature monitoring (in public areas)
9.应急医院 makeshift hospital
10.火神山医院 Huoshenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)
11.雷神山医院 Leishenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)
12.暂停海外团队旅行 to suspend overseas group tours
13.关闭景点 to close scenic spots
14.取消大型集会 to cancel mass gatherings
15.减少外出 to make fewer trips outside
16.控制人口流动 to curb population flow
17.两周观察期 two-week observation period
18.停运长途汽车 to halt long-distance buses
19.调减市内公交to reduce the frequency of bus services in the city
20.特殊报销政策 special reimbursement rules
21.紧平衡 in tight balance
22.医疗物资紧缺 shortage of medical supplies
23.日常基本生活物资 daily necessities
24.跨境采购 cross-border procurement
25.囤积食物 to stock up on food
26.捂货惜售 hoarding
27.瞒报 to underreport 
28.哄抬价格 price gouging
29.顶格处罚 the maximum penalty

二、机构、职业群体和场所名称

1.世卫组织 World Health Organization (WHO)
2.中央应对新型冠状病毒感染肺炎疫情工作领导小组(中央应对疫情工作领导小组) Leading Group of the CPC Central Committee for Novel Coronavirus Prevention and Control
3.国家卫生健康委员会(国家卫健委) National Health Commission (NHS)
4.中国疾病预防控制中心(中国疾控中心) Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)
5.国家医疗保障局(国家医保局) National Healthcare Security Administration (NHSA)
6.医疗机构 medical institution
7.卫生机构 health institution
8.医疗从业者 medical practitioner; healthcare professional
9.医疗人员 medical personnel; health workforce; health workers
10.一线医护人员 frontline health workers
11.钟南山 Zhong Nanshan, a prominent Chinese expert in respiratory diseases (and a hero of the 2003 fight against SARS)
12.定点医院 designated hospitals 
13.发热门诊 fever clinic
14.重症监护病房 intensive care unit (ICU)
15.检疫所 quarantine office
16.药店 pharmacy; drugstore

三、病理症状

新型冠状病毒疫情防控词汇中英对照表

12.乏力 fatigue
13.干咳 dry cough 
14.头疼 headache
15.胸闷 chest distress; chest oppression
16.心慌 palpitations
17.恶心想吐 nausea
18.腹泻 diarrhea
19.呼吸困难 dyspnea; respiratory distress; breathing difficulties
20.呼吸急促(气促) shortness of breath; panting
21.感染性休克 septic shock

新型冠状病毒疫情防控词汇中英对照表


五、其他医学名词
1.国际卫生条例 International Health Regulations (IHR)
2.流行病学 epidemiology
3.流行病学调查(流调) epidemiological investigation 
4.呼吸器官 respiratory organs
5.呼吸道 respiratory tract
6.消化系统 digestive system 
7.神经系统 nervous system
8.肾功能 renal function
9.流感 influenza; flu
10.结膜炎 conjunctivitis; pink eye
11.宿疾、慢性病 chronic ailment; chronic disease
12.高血压 hypertension; high blood pressure 
13.糖尿病 diabetes; diabetes mellitus
14.心血管病 cardiovascular disease 
15.基因序列 genetic sequence
16.基因结构 genetic structure
17.试剂 reagent
18.诊断 diagnosis
19.检测样本 test sample
20.医学观察 medical watch; medical observation
21.病毒分离 virus isolation
22.抗病毒药 antiviral drug
23.退烧药 febrifuge; antipyretic
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